In short: The US Department of Commerce has banned business with 27 foreign organizations based in China, Japan, Pakistan and Singapore. Eight of them are developing quantum computing technologies that are now recognized in the United States as a national security issue.
All eight organizations developing quantum computing technologies were found on behalf of the Chinese government, will look for potential military applications. It was found that three of them are acquiring or trying to acquire American technology to help them.
The Commerce Department believes that quantum computing can support a range of military applications that China is interested in, including “anti-stealth and anti-submarine applications, and the ability to break encryption or develop unbreakable encryption.”
One of the eight ventures was the quantum computing department of the China University of Science and Technology, which said it had built the world’s fastest quantum computer earlier this year. The computer was supposed to be two to three times faster than the best American computers.
Some organizations have downplayed the bans. QuantumCTek describes the situation as “manageable” according to Nikkei Asia… He said that since he possesses the necessary technology and relies heavily on Chinese sources, he has never depended on the United States.
Of 19 non-quantum computing companies that have also been banned, three Chinese-owned companies based in China, Japan and Singapore sell American technology to Iran’s military and space programs and North Korean front companies.
The remaining 16 were blacklisted because they contributed to Pakistan’s “non-safeguarded nuclear activities or ballistic missile program.” Some of them are based in Pakistan, while others are based in China. Curiously, one of them was a refrigeration and air conditioning company.
In addition to the list of banned organizations, the Department of Commerce also maintains a list of organizations that have a military end user (MEU) for their products. The Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology has been added to this list.