In short: Ahead of the IBM Quantum Summit, the company announced its latest advances in achieving the quantum advantage that is expected to happen in 2023. IBM today made the new 127-qubit Eagle quantum processor available to select members of the IBM Quantum Network and announced plans to release two more quantum processors: Osprey and Condor.
V IBM Quantum Summit 2021 The live broadcast is scheduled for tomorrow, but the quantum computing giant is already giving us a preview of what will be showcased during the event. IBM’s new 127-qubit quantum processor, dubbed the Eagle, is supposedly the first processor that a classic supercomputer cannot mimic. To put this in perspective, IBM says that a classic computer would need about the same number of bits as the atoms of all humans on Earth to match the performance of an Eagle.
“The arrival of the Eagle processor is an important step towards the day when quantum computers can surpass classical computers on a significant level,” said Dario Gil, senior vice president of IBM and director of IBM Research. “Quantum computing has the power to transform nearly every sector and help us solve the biggest problems of our time.”
The new Eagle processor was built using a new technique in which the qubit control components are placed on multiple physical layers and the qubits on a separate layer to improve the stability of the quantum processor. This same design will benefit IBM’s future quantum computing efforts, such as the 433-qubit Osprey chip, slated for 2022, and the 1121-qubit Condor chip, which is expected to be available by 2023. quantum advantage, a state in which a quantum computer can solve real-world problems faster than any standard computer.
Also read: The State of Quantum Computing and What is Quantum Computing?
To our disappointment, IBM has not yet tested the Eagle processor. Without any performance data, it’s hard to determine where Eagle stands up against Google’s Sycamore, Honeywell System Model H1, China’s Zuchongzhi processor, and even older IBM quantum processors.
Currently, only select members of the IBM Quantum Network can operate the Eagle processor, and only as a research system (also known as early access). IBM does not guarantee uptime or reproducible performance on such systems.
As quantum computing continues to evolve into more affordable and powerful technologies, investors have started pouring huge amounts of money into the industry, hoping to reap huge profits from it. One such example is PitchBook, a quantum computer hardware and software firm that raised nearly $ 1.02 billion from investors in 2021 alone.
Image Credit: Carson Masterson