Elon Musk and Twitter head to the courtroom

News: Artificial intelligence-assisted radiologists are more successful in diagnosing breast cancer than when they work alone, according to a new study. The same AI also produces more accurate results in the hands of a radiologist than when working alone.

Why is it important: The large-scale study, published this month in The Lancet Digital Health, is the first to directly compare the performance of AI in diagnosing breast cancer, whether it is used alone or in aid of a human expert. This process meant that nearly three-quarters of screening studies did not need to be reviewed by a radiologist, which could help alleviate a global shortage of specialists.

What happens next: While the results are promising, the next step will be to confirm how well AI works over a long period of time in real clinics with real patients. It is hoped that in the future such systems can save lives by detecting cancers that doctors miss, freeing up radiologists to see more patients, and alleviating the burden in places where there is a severe shortage of specialists. Read the full story.

— Hana Kyros

Materials with nanoscale components will change everything possible

Materials scientists have long been fascinated by the hierarchical structures found in nature, which repeat themselves down to the molecular level, giving materials amazing strength, durability and color. In the future, we may be able to embed such properties directly into manufactured materials, and even program some degree of intelligence directly into them, which could make new features and functionality possible.

Those under the age of 35 on this year’s MIT Technology Review Innovators list are working toward the ultimate goal of creating architectural materials and devices that make decisions for themselves. Learn more about their work and what it takes to help them succeed in this essay by Julia R. Greer, materials scientist at Caltech.

This essay is part of the MIT Technology Review’s 2022 Innovators Under 35 package, which recognizes the most promising young people working in technology today. See the full list here.

Required Reading

I scoured the internet to find the most hilarious/important/scary/exciting tech stories to date.

1 A new wave of covid is sweeping the US
At a time when there are almost no public health measures. (VP $)

2 Elon Musk And Twitter Are Heading To Court
But whether the company can get the unstable Musk to buy it remains to be seen. (WSJ $)
+ Experts believe that Twitter has an advantage in the lawsuit. (FT $)
+ Musk’s reaction to Twitter’s threat to sue him has, of course, become a meme. (bloomberg $)

3 crypto traders want their money back
And that can only mean one thing: lawsuits. Lots and lots of lawsuits. (Information $)
+ What crypto companies can learn from the dot-com collapse. (Protocol)

4. Uber executives behaved even worse than you think
According to the leaked files, he broke laws and used violence against his drivers. (The keeper)

5 Costa Rica struggles to recover from devastating cyberattack
Even though the group that hacked the country disbanded. (FT $)
+ US defense company L3 Harris is no longer in talks to buy NSO Group. (The keeper)
+ A hacker group called Predatory Sparrow claims to have started a fire at an Iranian steel plant. (BBC)

6 AI has a problem with disabling ethics
Some researchers don’t like to think about how their inventions will be used in the real world. (Protocol)
+ Big Tech’s Guide to AI Ethics Conversations. (MIT Technology Review)

7 artists experiment with DALL-E 2
But found that it didn’t quite match their imagination. (The keeper)
+ The Dark Secret of Cute AI Animal Images. (MIT Technology Review)

8 Meet Youtubers Hunting And Eating Invasive Species
Experts are divided on whether this is a useful or positive development. (Information $)
+ Scientists are worried that species are dying out before we even find them. (CNET)
+ Why you shouldn’t trust everything nature identification apps say. (Slate)

9 Vasectomy Influencers Are Having a Moment
In the post-roe deer world, there is growing interest in more permanent methods of birth control. (Atlantic Ocean $)

10. The optimal shape of a house in space might be a cone.
This could help recreate the gravity humans are used to. (Quartz)

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