Tech

AI Bill of Rights and Nord Stream Pipeline Repairs

News: US President Biden today unveiled a new AI Bill of Rights outlining five defenses Americans should have in the AI ​​era. In the past, Biden has called for stronger privacy protections and an end to data collection by tech companies. But the US, home to some of the world’s largest tech and AI companies, has so far been one of the few Western countries without clear guidelines on how to protect its citizens from the harm caused by artificial intelligence.

Why is it important: AI is a powerful technology that is changing our societies. The announcement represents the White House’s vision of how the US government, as well as technology companies and citizens, should work together to hold AI accountable. However, critics say the plan lacks teeth and the US needs even tighter regulation on AI. Read the full story.

— Melissa Heikkila

Here’s how to fix Nord Stream gas pipelines

What happened: Prior to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the Nord Stream 1 and Nord Stream 2 gas pipelines were a key part of Europe’s energy infrastructure. Since then, Russia has used Nord Stream as a geopolitical pawn in response to economic sanctions imposed on it, and unexpected damage caused four leaks in the underwater pipeline system in late September. Everyone but Russia sees it as deliberate sabotage to cut gas supplies ahead of a difficult winter gas shortage in Europe, and now the race is on to fix vital pipelines before winter sets in – if that’s even possible.

What is the damage? Any mission will be an unprecedented challenge for the oil and gas sector, requiring sophisticated robotics and creative engineering. While we don’t even know for sure how bad the situation is at this stage, the damage is expected to be significant and could take months and a lot of money to repair. And even if repairs can be made, Nord Stream is unlikely to resume deliveries anytime soon. Read the full story.

— Chris Stockel-Walker

Get ready for the next generation of AI

Just as the AI ​​community is realizing the astonishing progress of text-to-image systems, we are already moving on to the next frontier: text-to-video.

Late last week, Meta introduced Make-A-Video, an artificial intelligence that generates five-second videos from text prompts. This development is a breakthrough in generative AI that also raises some difficult ethical questions, raising concerns that it could be used as a powerful tool to create and spread disinformation. Read the full story.

This article is taken from the new weekly MIT Technology Review Algorithm newsletter, where you will learn about all the latest cutting-edge developments in artificial intelligence. Subscribe to receive it in your mailbox every Monday.

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