- To lower the risk of miscarriage, eat a healthy diet, exercise and take prenatal vitamins.
- You can reduce the risk of miscarriage before you become pregnant by limiting caffeine and managing weight.
- However, most abortions cannot be prevented and are often due to genetics.
- Visit the Insider Health Reference Library for more tips.
Sports they are common, and no one is immune. It is estimated that 10% to 20% of pregnancies end in a miscarriage. But, some experts think the percentage is probably even higher, since some athletes happen even before someone even knows they are pregnant.
“You can have a miscarriage when you’re pregnant,” says UCLA OB-GYN Leena S. Nathan, MD. “Sometimes you see people having a miscarriage very much before. We usually call it that
because the pregnancy hormone hCG grows, but we never see anything in the womb. ”
How to lower the risk of miscarriage
While there is no foolproof way to prevent abortion, there are some lifestyle changes you can make before and during pregnancy to lower your risk.
Here’s what you can do at first to be pregnant to reduce the risk of having an abortion:
- If you have had an abortion before: See your doctor to be tested to see what happens. Some problems can be treated to make it more likely that an embryo will grow and continue to grow in the full term. For example, look for a blood clotting problem. “If we find something, then we can treat it with blood thinners to help with future successful pregnancies,” says Nathan.
- Eat well and exercise: Nathan says, “Trying to be as healthy as possible before pregnancy can help prevent a miscarriage.” Part of this includes quitting smoking before becoming pregnant, since smoking during pregnancy can grow up your risk of miscarriage.
- Maintain a healthy weight: Diabetes and obesity can lead to other complications during pregnancy, but can also increase the risk of miscarriage. That’s why Nathan recommends controlling diabetes before pregnancy and losing weight, if necessary.
- Limit caffeine before conception: A 2016 study by u National Institutes of Health she examined 344 pregnancies and found that the abortion rate was higher if one or two partners drank 2 or more caffeinated beverages in the weeks before conception.
Here’s what you can do during pregnancy to reduce the risk of miscarriage:
- Continue to eat well and exercise: Again, you want to live a healthy lifestyle for you and your child. “Being at a healthy weight and having a healthy diet and exercise routine are really important to having a healthy pregnancy,” says Nathan.
- Take prenatal vitamins: Folic acid, calcium, iron and vitamin D keep you both going healthy child. The healthier and more nourished you are during pregnancy, the better.
- Do not smoke and avoid passive smoking: A 2014 systematic review published in the American Journal of Epidemiology reported that each cigarette smoked per day increased the relative risk of miscarriage by 1 percent. The study also reports that secondhand smoke increased the risk of miscarriage by 11%.
- Do not use illicit drugs: U Cleveland Clinic says that amphetamines, cocaine, marijuana can increase the risk of miscarriage.
- Don’t drink it: A Study 2019 published in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research has found that drinking alcohol during pregnancy has increased the risk of miscarriage by 19%.
You are more likely to have an abortion in the first trimester
“It’s most common to have a miscarriage in the first trimester, which is up to 13 weeks,” says Nathan. In fact, about 80% of abortions occurs in the first trimester. After that, your chance of miscarrying drops.
However, you can abort up to 20 weeks. In addition to this, if the pregnancy is not successful it is no longer called a miscarriage, it is a miscarriage.
Take away the Insider
There are many reasons why a miscarriage can happen, and unfortunately, some types of miscarriages cannot be prevented.
“Most of the time [the cause is] something genetic, which cannot be prevented, is to say that there is something wrong with the chromosomes and both the egg and the sperm that came together, ”says Nathan.
“Other causes could be related to the mother’s health. For example, if the mother has a blood clotting problem, if the mother carries some sort of genetic mutations, health and life problems can cause miscarriages and smoking. ,
, and obesity. “
After all, there is always the possibility of doing everything “right” and even making mistakes.
“When I see a patient who has had a miscarriage, I reassure them that it’s nothing they’ve done or haven’t done because there’s a lot of guilt that comes with having a miscarriage, but most of the time, it’s unpredictable,” she said. says Nathan.