Health

The falling birth rate is hitting Italy hard, it’s a warning to the world

  • World fertility rates are declining, with a study saying populations will decline by 2100.
  • The population of Capracotta, a small town in Italy, has more than halved since 1991, to just 800 people.
  • Experts say there are several reasons why couples choose to delay or give up kinship.
  • Visit the Insider homepage for more stories.

In Capracotta, a small town in Italy, a building that was once used for kindergarten classes has become a nursing home.

“There were so many families, so many children,” he told Concetta D’Andrea, a resident of a nursing home. New York Times. “Now there’s no one else.”

While some experts worry the world will soon face a “demographic bomb at the same time”, seems to have already landed in some Italian cities. The population of Capracotta has more than halved since 1991. Activities that keep a city bustling, such as shops and local sports, are closed or closed.

In Agnone, another small town in Italy, former maternity nurse Enrica Sciullo told the New York Times she no longer hears calls from children. The medical department closed for lack of need.

“Once you could hear the kids in the creature screaming, and it was like music,” Sciullo told New York Times. “Now there is silence and a feeling of emptiness.”

Fertility rates have been declining around the world for several reasons

In a study, published in 2020, researchers have found that by 2100, the population of almost all countries will be reduce or be halved.

Worldwide, the average woman had 4.7 children in 1950. That number has dropped to 2.4 since 2017, and experts predict that the trend will only continue in the future.

In the United States, a CDC report, published in 2021, found that fertility rates touch a all the time low in 2020, hitting 4% by 2019. Even before this record low, fertility rates have been falling for decades.

Experts say there could be different reasons to explain why couples have fewer children or have chosen to abandon their parents. Some people may choose to delay pregnancy until their career is more stable, so they can financially support a family. Others are living without children to be able to it reduces its environmental footprint. Adolescent pregnancies are also declining.

The pandemic has also halted people’s family planning, It contributes to the low birth rate by 2020. Haley Neidich said that before Insider she gave up having a child in the midst of the pandemic because she could not count on family and friends to help.

Others may refer to having a baby because pregnant people are at a higher risk of COVID-19 complications, and some people have been forced to submit to their pregnancy plans because she needed fertility treatments which were not accessible.

Experts fear that there will not be enough people to support an aging population

It may be of some benefit to a declining birth rate. Fewer children it’s good news for the weather, and, like Insider’s Hillary Hoffower wrote last week, America’s “children’s bust” could be good news for the economy.

But experts troubled by the trend are concerned that young people will be essential to sustaining the economy and the aging of the population.

“A paradigm shift is needed,” Frank Swiaczny, a German demographer, told the New York Times. “Countries need to learn to live with and adapt to the decline.”

After decades of this trend, there will be an exponential decline, Stuart Gietel Basten, an expert in Asian demographics, told the Times. “It’s becoming a cyclical mechanism,” Gietel said. “It’s a demographic moment.”


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