- Never smoke or use weeds during pregnancy because it increases the risk of stillbirth and low birth weight.
- You should never use marijuana while breastfeeding since THC can be passed through breast milk.
- If you use medical marijuana, ask your doctor about other treatment options during pregnancy.
- Visit the Insider Health Reference Library for more tips.
With recreational marijuana now legal in 17 states and legal medical marijuana in 36, Smoking or ingesting weeds has become more mainstream. And marijuana taxes use among pregnant people, in particular, they are growing.
Research regarding the implications of the use of weeds during pregnancy is limited, but science shows so far that it poses enough risk to be prudent to doctors. Here’s what you need to know about the potential harms of weed use during pregnancy and lactation.
Can you smoke weeds while you are pregnant?
U US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and u American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) we do not recommend the use of marijuana of any kind during pregnancy because of possible risks to parents and the child.
More human research is needed, but so far, studies have found that chemicals in marijuana can it reaches the fetus through the placenta, he says Kimberly Langdon, MD, an OB-GYN cun Medzino, a
supplier. It is true if marijuana is smoked or consumed through a food or tincture.
Potential risks to the fetus if one uses marijuana during pregnancy include:
- Smaller birth plan: A great 2016 magazine found that children exposed to cannabis in utero had a lower birth weight than those who were not. A low birth weight increases the risk of complications, such as difficulty regulating body temperature and infections.
- Still life: A 2014 study found cannabis use – either alone or in combination with smoking and illicit drugs – during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of stillbirth.
Risks for a pregnant person to smoke during pregnancy include:
- Breathing problems: Shortness of breath is a common symptom of pregnancy. Smoking marijuana (or any substance) can lowers your body’s oxygen level, thus aggravating the difficulty in breathing.
- Falendu: Marijuana can make you feel amazed and can even alter your sense of judgment, which it can increase the risk of falling. Falls in the second or third trimester can be dangerous for you both the parent and the child. A fall, particularly on the abdomen, could cause contractions, placental abruption, or a loss of amniotic fluid.
Other studies have found that marijuana use may be associated preterm birth and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit. But it’s important to note that larger, more robust studies are needed to identify how dangerous marijuana use is during pregnancy.
That said, the data so far suggests enough risk that pregnant people should stay away from marijuana, Langdon says.
It is true even if you have been prescribed medical marijuana, says Merhi. If you have concerns about stopping marijuana use during pregnancy, talk to your health care provider who may be able to suggest alternatives until you are finished with pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Can marijuana help with nausea related to pregnancy?
Some people say that marijuana can help with severe nausea during pregnancy. In fact, a 2018 study found that pregnant people with severe nausea and vomiting were four times more likely to use marijuana than those without a severe diagnosis of nausea.
However, the risks of smoking marijuana while pregnant outweigh the benefits even in these cases, Merhi says. Alternatives that may help with nausea during pregnancy include:
- Take a vitamin B supplement.
- Eat frequent, smaller portions
- Avoid fatty or spicy foods
- Prescription medication, such as an antiemetic pill designed to stop severe nausea and vomiting
If nausea and vomiting is a problem for you during pregnancy, talk to your health care provider about treatment options.
Can you use marijuana while breastfeeding?
To limit the potential risk to the child, breastfeeding parents should not use marijuana or products containing marijuana in any form, he says. Zaher Merhi, MD, an OB-GYN, reproductive endocrinologist, and the founder of Rejuvenating Fertility Center.
Current data available regarding the the safety of marijuana use while breastfeeding it is limited. However, we know two chemicals in marijuana – Tetrahydrocannabinol (liquid) and cannabidiol (CBD) – have the potential to influence u neurodevelopment of a creature. THC, in particular, can be transmitted to a nursing baby breast milk, Says Merhi.
Data on the effects of CBD exposure on a baby through breast milk are limited and contrasting, but we know that CBD products may contain other contaminants, such as bacteria or pesticides that can be dangerous for parents. and the child, says Merhi.
While more research is needed, science shows so far a risk that breastfeeding parents will not use marijuana while breastfeeding, says Merhi.
Take away the Insider
Research is still emerging on the long-term effects of marijuana use during pregnancy for both pregnant people and their children, but to date studies show potential risks of lower birth weights and deaths. birth.
In addition, the chemicals in marijuana can be present in breast milk. And While the data so far are not substantial enough to draw definitive conclusions about its effects, the ACOG and u Centers for Disease Control (CDC) we recommend avoiding marijuana both during pregnancy and during breastfeeding.