Health

COVID-19 Leads to Rise in Tuberculosis Deaths for First in Decade, But Rise “Reverse” |

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New data from the UN health agency showed how years of global progress in the fight against preventable diseases have been “reversed” since pandemic hit health systems in 2020by preventing vulnerable people from seeking help.

The locks have also blocked many people from accessing essential health services. WHOThe 2021 Global Tuberculosis Report the death toll from the disease “could be much higher in 2021 and 2022.”, according to the latest forecasts.

“This report confirms our fears that disruption of essential health services due to a pandemic could begin to undermine long-term progress in the fight against tuberculosis, ”said WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. “This is disturbing news and should send a wake-up call around the world of the urgent need for investment and innovation to close the gaps in diagnosis, treatment and care for the millions of people affected.”

1.5 million victims

A TB report covering the response to the epidemic in 197 countries and regions found that in 2020 1.5 million people died from tuberculosis in 2020 – more than in 2019
This includes 214,000 HIV patients, according to the UN agency, noting that the overall rise in tuberculosis incidence has been mainly in 30 countries, including Angola, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Philippines and Zambia.

Because of the new coronavirus pandemic, “challenges” that made it impossible to provide and Access to basic TB treatment services left many people without a diagnosis in 2020.

In an alarming development, WHO noted that the number of people first diagnosed with this diagnosis has dropped from 7.1 million in 2019 to 5.8 million in 2020, which means that far fewer people have received the diagnosis, treatment or preventive treatment for tuberculosis compared to 2019.

Total spending on essential TB services has also declined, according to WHO, adding that India (41 percent decline), Indonesia (14 percent), Philippines (12 percent) experienced the largest declines in TB notifications between 2019 and 2020. and China (8 percent).

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“These and 12 other countries accounted for 93% of the total global reduction in notifications,” the WHO said.

The provision of preventive treatment for tuberculosis has also decreased. In 2020, it was approached by about 2.8 million people, which is 21 percent less than in 2019. In addition, the number of people receiving treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis fell by 15 percent, from 177,000 in 2019 to 150,000 in 2020, the equivalent of only about one in three people in need.

Known unknowns

Today, about 4.1 million people suffer from tuberculosis, but they are not diagnosed with the disease or their status is not reported to national authorities. That’s up from 2.9 million in 2019.

The report’s recommendations include calling on countries to take urgent action to restore access to essential TB services, double investment in TB research and innovation, and concerted action across the health sector and beyond to tackle the social, environmental and economic causes of the disease. TB and its consequences.

Tuberculosis Facts

  • Tuberculosis (TB) is the second most deadly infectious killer after COVID-19… It is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs. It spreads when people with tuberculosis throw bacteria into the air, for example, when they cough.
  • About nine out of 10 people with tuberculosis each year live in 30 countries.… Most are adults, but in 2020, men accounted for 56 percent of cases, ahead of women (33 percent) and children (11 percent). Who says so many new cases of tuberculosis are associated with malnutrition, HIV infection, alcohol use disorders, smoking and diabetes.
  • 30 countries with the highest burden of tuberculosis include Angola, Bangladesh, Brazil, Central African Republic, China, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Nigeria Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Thailand, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Vietnam and Zambia.
  • Tuberculosis can be prevented and cured… About 85 percent of people with TB can be treated with a six-month medication regimen; An additional benefit of treatment is to reduce further transmission of infection.

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