You are shot. Nearly half of American workers say they have lost a job because of it a bad reason or no reason at all: they can have it he complained about parental policies, volunteering to an unpopular charity or simply worn the wrong hairstyle.
All these shots are basically legal. The diversity of most developed economies, the majority of American employees are “at will”. Leaders should not give a warning before dismissal. Companies are taking full advantage of this flexibility: in the first 10 weeks of the Covid-19 pandemic, more than 40m people, nearly a quarter of the U.S. workforce, were let go.
Now New York City is trying to change this precarious situation. Starting this week, fast-food companies with at least 30 outlets across the country should show that they have ”just cause”, Defined as objective operational reasons or connected to conduct, to disperse personnel.
“It’s basic equity,” says Brad Lander, u municipal councilor behind New York law. “Don’t you want your child to know what their responsibilities are and have a chance for some feedback rather than being fired for no reason?”
That doesn’t cut mustard with fast-food groups. Industry-funded Restaurant Law Center he cited in court to block the law. Executive Director Angelo Amador upholds rules conflicting with federal standards in the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 “Why have a federal law if you have to prevent it?” ask. “It would create a patchwork of laws.”
Business groups argue that the flexibility of the U.S. system gives companies the confidence to recruit staff more quickly. In the long run, they say, it leads to faster economic growth than in Europe or Japan, where it is more difficult to downsize or lay off poor workers.
Business groups argue that workers who want more protection can unionize. Staffers to the New Yorker he did so last year. However, anti-union efforts by several companies have helped reduce union membership by more than 20 percent of workers in the 1980s to 10.8 percent last year. Amazon recently beaten a high-profile campaign to syndicate staff at a store in Alabama.
Meanwhile, the conservative U.S. Supreme Court has not failed to help workers. A decision 2018 made it more difficult for employees to come together to ask about work problems, and the court last month shot down a California rule that required employers to allow union organizers access to agricultural workers at work.
But fast-food chains are wrong to fight New York law. More stable working conditions would attract and retain employees, and a 2012 study finding limits on employment at will can stimulate innovation and the creation of new business.
Shifting to just cause fire also reduces tensions at work in a rich industry claims of persecution and discrimination. McDonalds just defends itself several class actions accusing him of sexual harassment and a hostile environment.
Workers less vulnerable to redundancy would feel more able to call bad managers. And employers would have better evidence when they fired people, reducing the likelihood of discrimination proceedings.
Progressives don’t wait for companies to see the light of day. Although federal legislation for the occupation of President Joe Biden is blocked in the Senate, Democratic-controlled states and cities have been pushed with increasing local minimum wages and worker protections.
Illinois considers a just cause law, and nearly 2m of workers across the country are covered by “fair work week” laws that require employers to notify workers of their schedules in advance. April, New York he cited in the case the fast food chain Chipotle accusing him of violating his version of that law.
Activists hope these statutes will help both local workers and strengthen the case for national action. “It provides the opportunity for proof of concept: when there are‘ sky falls ’claims from the business community, it helps if these laws have been in place,” says Terri Gerstein, a former Harvard colleague.
New York will begin enforcing the law for the right cause in September, unless it is overturned. In 2000, an appeals court ruled that an American Virgin Islands just cause law it did not conflict with federal law. But this decision does not apply nationally, so the New York case could have a different outcome.
At a time where bosses are struggling to occupy open jobs, an intelligent society would make stable working conditions a point of differentiation. Amazon has started offering a minimum wage of $ 15 even though the federal standard is only half of that. Now its competitors are to correspond to attract staff. Fairer fire rules are much cheaper to implement. There is a lesson here.