CDC says monkeypox is unlikely to be eradicated in the US

Monkeypox virus is unlikely to be eradicated from the US in the near future, according to a report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention this week.

The CDC, in a technical review, said the outbreak is slowing as vaccine availability has increased, people have become more aware of how to avoid infection, and immunity has likely increased among gay and bisexual men, the group hardest hit by the virus. .

But low-level transmission of the virus can continue indefinitely among men who have sex with other men, according to the report. The CDC said it did not have a forecast of how many people could become infected with the virus.

In August, the Biden administration declared a public health emergency to increase vaccines, testing, treatment and outreach to eradicate the virus in the US.

The US is trying to contain the world’s largest monkeypox outbreak, with almost 26,000 cases in all 50 states, Washington and Puerto Rico, according to the CDC. According to the data, at least two people have died from this disease in the United States.

A global outbreak of monkeypox, the largest in history, is highly unusual because the virus is circulating widely in countries where it is not normally found. Historically, monkeypox circulated in remote areas of West and Central Africa. In this context, humans usually contract the virus from animals. The distribution among people was small.

Monkeypox is now widely spread between humans, mainly as a result of close contact during sex among gay and bisexual men. The disease is rarely fatal, but patients develop blister-like lesions in sensitive areas that are extremely painful. In some cases, the pain is so severe that people require hospitalization, and in rare cases, people with weak immune systems die.

CDC, in your report, said the virus is still spreading mainly among men who have sex with men. But anyone can contract the virus through close contact with an infected person or with contaminated materials. To date, health authorities have confirmed 29 cases of infection in children with the virus, and as of the end of September, 78 cases among children are currently under investigation.

Although 96% of patients are men, 408 women have contracted the virus in the US so far. Four pregnant women and one breastfeeding woman contracted monkeypox.

The CDC said the percentage of patients who self-identify as gay or bisexual men has declined over time, with 75% of people who provided a recent sexual history reporting contact between men.

But in a large number of cases, there is no data on sexual history, and, according to the CDC, more than 90% of infections occur in men. The decline in the proportion of cases reporting sexual contact between men is likely due to a lack of data, rather than a change in the way the virus spreads, according to the public health agency.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said the outbreak is likely to remain concentrated in men who have sex with men for the long haul, with infections continuing to decline in the coming weeks and drop significantly over the next few months.

To date, more than 684,000 people have received the Jynneos monkeypox vaccine. Earlier this week, the CDC reported preliminary data suggesting the vaccine provides at least some protection against infection. The vaccination campaign primarily targets gay and bisexual men.

The outbreak could begin to accelerate again if the virus begins to spread widely in the US population through heterosexual networks or non-sex-related contacts, according to the CDC. But during the current global outbreak, no country has found clear evidence of sustained spread of the virus outside of gay and bisexual sex networks, according to the CDC.

The Public Health Agency has also warned that the virus could spread faster among humans again if it establishes itself in the US animal population. The CDC said it is not known which animals in North America are most susceptible to the infection.

In Africa, the virus was mainly transmitted from animals to humans. If monkeypox spreads among animals in the US, it will be very difficult to eradicate.

Source link

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button